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 Cyclamen graecum

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ΔημοσίευσηΘέμα: Cyclamen graecum   Τετ Οκτ 01, 2014 8:20 pm

One beautiful and very interesting autumn-flowering species from Greece, south coast of Turkey, and north of Cyprus is the Cyclamen graecum.

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It is one common species  native to Greece, most of the Peloponnese, the Saronic Islands, the Sporades, the islands of the eastern Aegean, Crete, Rhodes, the south coast of Turkey, and part of the north of Cyprus.
We can see this species on rocky habitats, pine tree forests, close to the beach and can reach to 1200m altimeter.

The Cyclamen graecum has pale to deep pink flowers with 3 magenta pencil-line streaks at the base of each petal and auricles around the mouth and blooms from the middle of June to November .
Its flowers appear the same time or before the wonderfully patterned leaves.
After pollination, the flower stem twirling and gather at the base of the plant.
This ensures the seeds direct contact with the soil and higher germination.
The tuber ( caudex ) is corky, with thick, strong, fleshy anchor roots sprouting from the center of the bottom.
Its leaves are heart-shaped and toothed and are infinitely variable and include some of the most striking patterns and colour combinations found in the entire genus Cyclamen.
The combinations are numerous! These can be varies from dark green to black-green, grey-green to lime green or cream, green, grey or silver.

In some places and especially on Greek islands and Cyprus its leaves used for ntolmadiakia ( "Ντολμαδάκια" or "Κουπέπια" a greek food ) as a replacement of vine leaves.

Cyclamen graecum has three subspecies

* Cyclamen graecum subsp. graecum  It has ovate leaves that are green or grey-green with pink flowers with a darker blotch at the nose which occurs in Greece, Aegean islands and Crete .

* Cyclamen graecum subsp. anatolicum It has leaves with beaded and lobed marginsThe flowers are more slender with a smaller blotch and slight auricles which occurs in southern Turkey, Rhodes and northern Cyprus .

* Cyclamen graeccum subsp. mindleri ( candicum )  with white or pale pink flowers with more pronounced auricles which occurs in western Crete .

In cultivation Cyclamen are very tolerant of diverse soil types and should be planted with the top of the tuber ( caudex ) at, or just below the soil surface and need well drained soil with some water and  lots of sunlight.


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ΔημοσίευσηΘέμα: Απ: Cyclamen graecum   Τετ Οκτ 01, 2014 8:22 pm

Cyclamen graecum leaf patterns

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ΔημοσίευσηΘέμα: Απ: Cyclamen graecum   Τετ Οκτ 01, 2014 8:23 pm

ntolmadiakia ( "Ντολμαδάκια" or "Κουπέπια" )

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ΔημοσίευσηΘέμα: Απ: Cyclamen graecum   Δευ Νοε 03, 2014 1:45 pm

Cyclamen graecum, Κυκλάμινο το Ελληνικό

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ΔημοσίευσηΘέμα: Απ: Cyclamen graecum   Τετ Νοε 05, 2014 10:44 pm

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ΔημοσίευσηΘέμα: Απ: Cyclamen graecum   Δευ Νοε 10, 2014 11:22 pm

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Cyclamen graecum
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